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History of Money

Money has a rich history that dates back hundreds of years. Money has always played a significant role in how our society functions, from the ancient times of trading through the invention of the initial metal coins and, finally, the first paper currency. The origins of money and how humans transitioned from a bartering system to a sophisticated monetary system with many types of currency will be covered in length in this guide.
What is money?
It’s interesting to note that money frequently has no inherent worth. Instead, money is a thing with a value that permits the exchange of commodities and services. Currency has evolved into many distinct forms throughout history. Metal coins are one type of money that has worth due to the elements they are made of. However, it is increasingly prevalent today and often has less value than paper money.
When was money first created?
People traded products and services before the currency was created. The Mesopotamian people did not invent the shekel, regarded as the earliest known form of money, until roughly 5,000 years ago. It was approximately 650–600 B.C. when gold and silver coins first appeared. According to some evidence, metal coins date back to 1250 B.C.
First metallic currency- coins
China produced the first metal coins about 1000 B.C. Stamped chunks of expensive metal, such as bronze and copper, were used to create these coins. Ancient Greeks also employed early versions of coinage, beginning about 650 B.C.
These coins would eventually change, fashioning the silver and gold we now identify with currency. Coins were one of the earliest forms of currency that allowed individuals to pay by counting instead of weighing.
Ancient Coins
Many distinct types of coins have been used throughout history in various countries. The earliest round coins were made around 500 B.C. The silver penny, introduced by Charlemagne in 800 AD, served as the standard coin in Western Europe from 794 to 1200 AD. By the middle of the 13th century, higher sums of pennies were commonly denoted by shilling and pound.
The first paper currency
Even though the initial paper currency was invented in China in 700–800 A.D., it would be several centuries before paper currency became widely accepted. China became the first to employ paper money, although it wasn’t used extensively until around 1455. Global trade was made possible by the reduced weight of paper money.
The establishment of financial institutions
During 1800 B.C., the Roman Empire founded the first banks. These banks took deposits from customers and provided loans. By the nineteenth century, financial institutions had mastered the idea of fractional reserve banking and established themselves as acceptable local institutions. Banks discovered they could lend additional money than they had since people didn’t withdraw all of their money at once. The Bank of the United States, the country’s first bank, was founded in 1791.
Gold as a standard of value
England adopted gold as its national standard of value in 1816. Only a particular number of banknotes could be created since each represented a specific quantity of gold. By doing this, formerly unbacked money gained an appearance of stability and worth. The United States adopted the Gold Standard Act in 1900. The Gold Standard halted in the 1930s due to the Great Depression and the depreciation of gold.
Modern currency
The invention of modern money has made purchasing, selling, and trading simpler than ever. Money nowadays may be anything from the U.S. currency to digital currencies like Bitcoin. Now that you know more about its past, let’s examine how money is utilized.
Credit and debit cards
Credit cards and debit cards are standard options because of their ease. A specific amount of money from your bank account is put onto a debit card, and after each transaction, money is deducted from your account.
Online Payments
As e-commerce has expanded and the Internet has grown in popularity, online payments are becoming more and more practical. The most often used payment method for products and services nowadays is online. To make an online purchase, you must input your credit card or debit card information on a website. A bank account and routing number can also be used to make online payments.
Digital Money
Digital money attempted and failed to take off in the 1990s, but in the 2000s, circumstances changed, enabling it to gain appeal and become widely used. In actuality, digital currencies like bitcoin and digital money are crucial to the modern economy. As with any other form of money, these monies have a value ascribed to them, and millions of dollars in electronic currency are constantly traded. The first and largest digital currency was Bitcoin, but other cryptocurrencies and virtual currencies are now gaining popularity.
The Historical Impacts of Money
Among the most significant aspects of human existence is money, which has influenced some of the most remarkable and significant events in several countries. The creation of money made it possible for individuals to transact in products and services without having to haggle over prices. Paper money’s lightweight and tiny size made it possible to trade globally. People can invest in potentially increasing currencies with digital currency and make easy financial transactions.
Money has significantly influenced how trade is conducted globally and how we live today since it was first created. Money has been a major factor in many battles, yet it has facilitated some of the most outstanding achievements in human history.